Information and Historical Background


Pecho Coast Trail History



The secluded beaches, rugged cliffs and broad coastal terraces of the Pecho Coast have been privately owned and inaccessible to the public since the Spanish Mission Period. Once known as Rancho Cañada de Los Osos y Pecho y Islay, this pristine area is situated north of the Point San Luis Lighthouse and west of the Irish Hills on California’s Central Coast, and became open to the public in 1993 for guided hikes with the creation of the Pecho Coast Trail.

The wooded canyons, fertile headlands and lush shoreline tide pools have provided dependable human sustenance for at least 9000 years. When the Spanish began exploring and settling along the Central Coast, Chumash Indians inhabited the area. Their rich and varied culture, reflecting the abundance of the land, was displaced as the Spanish introduced land ownership and ranching.

The development of Port San Luis and its important shipping industry coincided with the increasing settlement of the area during the nineteenth century. To maintain a safe port, the Point San Luis Lighthouse and breakwater, were constructed in 1890. These structures and many other sites of historic interest are visible along and from the Pecho Coast Trail.



Pecho Pictures


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Point Buchon Trail History



Once known as Rancho Cañada de Los Osos y Pecho y Islay, this pristine area is situated just south of Coon Creek (Montana de Oro State Park) and west of the Irish Hills on California's Central Coast. This pristine coast line became open to the public in 2007 with the creation of the Point Buchon Trail.

The Point Buchon trail has over 9,000 years of Native American history. The magnificent headland known as Point Buchon, which means goiter in Spanish, was named by the Spaniards after a well respected Chumash Chief who had a an immense goiter. This prominent headland and thus the trail were named in his honor

Along with livestock, agriculture was part of the economy from the very beginning; crops were grown primarily on the coastal terrace, while livestock grazed in the hills further inland. During the 1920s and 1930s, much of the coastal terrace, was leased to Japanese farmers. The Japanese continued to farm the land until 1942, when they were involuntarily relocated to interment camps established during World War II.

In 1942 Olliver Field acquired the Spooner Ranch, which included the lands from Montana de Oro State Park to the Diablo Canyon Power Plant. Also in the 1940s, he constructed a small dam and pump house along Coon Creek, from which irrigation water was piped to agricultural fields downstream. These structures and many other sites of historic interest are visible along and from the Point Buchon Trail. Eventually, Field gave up farming because of difficulties in tapping enough water to irrigate his crops. While this coastal terrace is no longer farmed, rotational grazing is currently being practiced with the use of cows, sheep and goats.

Pacific Gas and Electric Company purchased the property in 1986 and opened the Point Buchon trail for everyone to enjoy. Due to private ownership, this area has not been open for public access for hundreds of years and the natural resources reflect this limited access use. One can see animals such as bob cats, coyotes and badgers that are typically nocturnal in broad daylight. And due to PG&E's rotational grazing practices, wildflowers flourish in the springtime.

Buchon Pictures


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